X-ray is a fast, painless test that allows the viewing of structures in your body, especially bones.

X-rays can pass through your body. However, they are absorbed depending on the density of the material through which they pass. Dense materials such as bone and metal appear white on x-ray films. The air in the lungs appears black. Appears in shades of fat and muscle gray.

In some types of x-ray tests; Contrast agents such as iodine or barium are given to the body to obtain more detail in x-ray films. Contrast agent can cause side effects in some people. X-rays can also cause you to be exposed to low doses of radiation. However, the benefits of these tests are much higher than the risks.

Why is it Done?

Why is it Done?

X-ray technology is used to examine many parts of the body.

Bones and teeth

  • Fractures and infections. Fractures and infections in the bones and teeth are clearly visible in X-ray films in many cases.
  • Arthritis. X-ray films of your joints can reveal signs of arthritis. X-ray films shot over the years can help your doctor determine if arthritis has worsened.
  • Tooth decay. Dentists use x-rays to check the caries on the teeth.
  • Osteoporosis. Special types of x-ray tests can measure the density of your bones.
  • Bone cancer. X-ray can also show tumors in your bones.


  • Lung infections or problems. Symptoms of problems such as pneumonia, tuberculosis or lung cancer can be seen on chest x-rays.
  • Breast cancer. Mammography is a special type of x-ray test used to examine breast tissue.
  • Heart enlargement. One of the symptoms of congestive heart failure is clearly enlarged heart x-ray films.
  • Vascular occlusion. Giving an iodine-containing contrast agent can help illuminate sections of the circulatory system so that they can be seen on the x-ray film.


  • Digestive system problems. The contrast agent, barium, delivered with a beverage or enema, can help monitor problems anywhere in the digestive system.
  • Swallowed objects. If your child swallows something like a key or coin, x-ray film; can indicate the location of the object in question.




Radiation exposure

You may be concerned that x-ray is unsafe, as exposure to high doses of radiation can cause cell mutations that can lead to cancer. However, since the amount of radiation you are exposed to while filming the x-ray is very low, the risk of damage to the cells in your body is extremely low.

However, if you are pregnant or suspect you may be pregnant, inform your doctor before taking an X-ray. Although the risk of many diagnostic x-rays for an unborn baby is low, your doctor may; can decide if it is better to wait, or to use another imaging test, such as ultrasound.

Contrast agent

In some people; Giving contrast medium can cause side effects such as:

  • Feeling of warmth or redness
  • Iron taste in the mouth
  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea
  • Itching
  • Urticaria

Rarely, violent responses to the contrast agent are as follows:

  • Significantly low blood pressure
  • Anaphylactic shock
  • Heart attack

How to Prepare

How to Prepare

Different types of x-rays require different preparations. Consult your doctor or nurse for detailed information.

What should be worn?

Usually, clothing on the part of the body that needs to be examined is removed. During the examination, a hospital gown can be worn, depending on which area is being filmed. It may also be desirable to remove any metal objects that may distort the appearance of jewelry, glasses and x-ray film; because these objects appear in the x-ray film.

Contrast agent

In some X-ray types; Before shooting, a fluid called contrast medium is given. Contrast agents such as barium and iodine help highlight a certain part of the body in the x-ray film. Contrast agent; It can be taken by mouth, injection or enema.

What You Will Live

What You Can Expect

While shooting the x-ray film

X-ray films; Many doctors with x-ray equipment are taken in the dental office, dentist’s office, emergency room and hospital. The camera creates a safe level of radiation burst through the body and saves the image on a film or a special plate. You will not feel x-ray rays passing through your body.

A technician adjusts your body position to achieve the required appearance. It can use pillows or sandbags to keep you in a proper position. During exposure to x-rays; you need to stay still to hold your breath to prevent the image from blurring.

An x-ray procedure; it may take just a few minutes for a bone x-ray or more than one hour for more extensive exams such as procedures using contrast media.

Making your child’s x-ray film

If your child’s x-ray film is shot; Belts or other fastening techniques can be used to ensure that they remain stable. These; It will not harm your child and will prevent the necessary repetition due to the child’s movement during exposure to X-rays. You may be allowed to stay with your child during the test. If you stay in the room during X-ray exposure, you are asked to wear a lead apron to protect you from unnecessary exposure.

After x-ray

After taking an x-ray film; you can usually continue your normal activities. Routine x-ray rays generally have no side effects. However, before taking x-rays, call your doctor if you see pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site if the contrast agent is given. Consult your doctor about your risks of encountering other signs and symptoms you might expect with your x-ray procedure.



X-rays are recorded digitally on movies or computers. Digital images can be seen on the screen within minutes. Typically, a radiologist views the results by viewing them and sends a report to your doctor, who will explain the results to you. In an emergency, your x-ray results can be delivered to your doctor in a few minutes.


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