What We Need to Know About Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate?

The prostate is an external gland found only in men. Although it is located at the bladder neck and at the center of the urinary tract, it is not actually a functionally related urinary tract. The prostate is the reproductive organ and forms part of the sperm fluid with the secretion it produces.

With which diseases does the prostate come across?

Common diseases of the prostate gland appear as infections, benign growths and malignant growths (prostate cancer). Infections called prostatitis are more common in middle ages, and benign and malignant growths are more common in older ages.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. In the later stages of the disease, painful urine may cause symptoms such as difficulty urinating, bleeding in the urine. In later stages, symptoms appear according to the organ where the cancer spreads. The most common signs of advanced protate cancer are common bone pain. Since it has no symptoms in the early period, early diagnosis of prostate cancer is only possible with regular check-up.

Prostate

Can benign prostate enlargement turn into cancer in the future?

Benign growth and prostate cancer are completely different diseases and do not turn into each other. They are often found together because both are common in the same age group.

What can prostate cancer kill?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. In cancer-related deaths, prostate cancer comes second after lung cancer. Late diagnosis of the disease has a great role in deaths related to prostate cancer. The chance of treatment is very high in early diagnosed prostate cancers.

What should be done for early diagnosis of prostate cancer?

For early diagnosis in prostate cancer, it is absolutely necessary to get checked once a year. In this control, a blood test (PSA measurement) and urological examination are performed. It is recommended to do the controls once a year from the age of 50. The age at which these controls should be started is 40 for individuals diagnosed with prostate cancer among their relatives.

What is PSA?

Psa is a protein produced by the prostate. PSA can be measured by a blood test. A high Psa value suggests the possibility of prostate cancer. However, PSA may also increase in infections and benign growths of the prostate. PSA is a very useful test for early diagnosis of prostate cancers. It is possible to diagnose a prostate cancer with Psa 6 or 7 years before clinical presentation.

Unknown About Prostate Is it enough to have Psa test alone in prostate cancer screenings?

PSA measurement alone is not sufficient for scans. Urological examination should also be performed alongside PSA. Research shows that 25% of prostate cancer cases do not increase PSA. In addition, some fast-progressing cancers of the prostate (indifferentiated or small cell prostate cancer) may not have an elevated PSA. For this reason, urological examination should be done.

What is prostate needle biopsy?

Prostate biopsy is the only method we have available to confirm the diagnosis in patients with suspected cancer. It is a completely painless procedure that takes approximately 5 to 10 minutes accompanied by transrectal ultrasonography. It does not require hospitalization. After the biopsy, patients can return to their normal daily lives.

Unknown about Prostate Can prostate cancer be cured?

Prostate cancer is definitely a curable disease. For this, early diagnosis is very important. Definitive treatment may not be possible in cases where the cancer has spread beyond the boundaries of the prostate gland. Although there are many effective treatment options for treatment in advanced prostate cancers, these treatments are aimed at extending the life of the patient and increasing the quality of life.

What are the treatment options for ProstatProstat cancer?

Some of the prostate cancers may not require treatment. It is possible to follow the patient closely in these patients and start treatment when necessary. The patient’s doctor should decide whether these methods, called briefly watchful waiting and active surveillance, are suitable for the patient. In prostate cancers diagnosed in the early period, it is possible to get rid of the disease completely. Treatment options include Surgical treatment, Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy, Cryotherapy, and many other newly developed treatment options. Although it is not possible to cure advanced and late diagnosed prostate cancers, there are effective treatment options such as hormonal therapy and chemotherapy.

How can we get through the prostate lance?

The most effective measure to be taken from prostate cancer is early diagnosis. It is very important to carry out regular annual checks for early diagnosis. Prostate cancer has been proven to be associated with excessive animal protein and animal fat consumption. Eating more fruits and vegetables, reducing animal fat consumption can be a useful measure to prevent disease. There are publications that lycopene and green tea can be useful especially in cooked tomatoes. There are many commercially available vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and herbal products that are recommended for protection from prostate cancer. Recent large-scale studies have found that some of these do not protect against prostate cancer, but rather increase the risk of cancer.

Author: Op. Dr. İsmet Başar

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