What is New Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
The New Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) is a virus that was first identified on January 13, 2020 as a result of research conducted in a group of patients who developed respiratory symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath) in Wuhan Province in late December. It has been detected in those in the seafood and animal market in this region. Later, it spread from person to person and spread to other cities in Hubei province, especially Wuhan, and other provinces of the People’s Republic of China and other world countries. COVID-19 is currently a pandemic that affects many countries globally.
What are the Symptoms?
Although asymptomatic cases are reported, their rate is unknown. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell, redness of the skin or discoloration of the fingers and toes. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually.
While 15% of patients receive inpatient support treatment, 5% of them need intensive care treatment.
How Is It Transmitted?
The disease is mainly transmitted by inhalation of small droplets scattered through the nose or mouth, coughing, sneezing or speaking.
These droplets can fall on objects and surfaces around the person, such as tables, door handles, and handrails. The virus can also be taken by people touching the surfaces contaminated with respiratory particles and then bringing them to the face, eyes, nose or mouth without washing their hands.
How long is the incubation period?
The time between exposure to COVID-19 and the onset of symptoms is about 5-6 days, but it can range from 1-14 days.
How Is It Diagnosed?
The definitive diagnosis of COVID-19 is made by molecular tests. The diagnosis is made by detecting the genetic material of the virus on samples such as throat and nasal swabs that can be taken from people who meet the possible case definition. Relevant tests are performed in the laboratory of our hospital (CCH).
Is There a Treatment?
There is no effective treatment for the virus that causes the disease. Drugs are given to patients to reduce their complaints and, if any, support impaired organ functions.
Is there a vaccine?
There is no vaccine yet to prevent the disease. Work continues.
How to Protect?
Since vaccines are still in the development stage, the most effective way to prevent the disease is to avoid exposure to the virus. Since the virus mainly spreads from person to person, taking very simple but important precautions is very valuable in preventing the disease.
The most important measures to be taken; wearing masks, washing hands frequently and with soap for at least 20 seconds, leaving 3-4 steps distance between us and people, avoiding entering crowded environments, not touching common areas as much as possible, not taking actions such as shaking hands, hugging and avoiding touching our face. .
The Measures We Have Taken As an Institution Against New Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
The measures we take to protect our doctors, staff, patients and their relatives against Covid-19;
1- Fever control at the entrance to our hospital is done with a non-contact thermometer and the symptoms in the disease definition are questioned and recorded.
2- All admissions to our hospital are made with a mask.
3- Statements indicating the appropriate distance in the hospital in order to draw attention to the social distance rules are affixed to the desk, the desk and the waiting corridor of the laboratory. Compliance with social distance is monitored by our personnel.
In addition, reorganizations were made in areas such as office areas, waiting areas and canteens. In addition, the seats in the waiting areas for patients and their relatives are positioned 1 m apart, and materials such as newspapers and magazines for common use have been removed.
4- All areas of the hospital, including the general areas, have been cleaned of air conditioning filters and periodically ventilated by opening windows and doors.
5- Alcohol-based hand sanitizer was placed in suitable areas including general areas in our hospital.
6- A single door is used for all entrances and exits to our hospital.
7- All materials used in our cafeteria are used in the form of use / throw.
8- In addition to the cleaning / disinfection of the areas inside the hospital, common areas (chairs, tables, desks, door handles, WCs, elevators, handles, etc.) are frequently disinfected during this period. All surfaces are disinfected with the pump.
9- The attendants of our patients in our inpatient service were limited to 1 person. Visitors are not accepted.
10- If necessary, 1 companion is accepted with our patients who apply to our outpatient clinic.
WE HAVE PROTECTED FROM CORONAVIRUS!
TAKE YOUR MEASURE, PROTECT BOTH YOURSELF AND YOUR LOVED ONES!