Rectosigmoidoscopy is the process of examining the large intestine of the last 30-40 cm of the rectum and sigmoid colon with a thin flexural instrument with a light source and camera at the end.
WHEN IS IT NECESSARY?
This examination is necessary to diagnose rectal bleeding, pain, inflammation or diarrhea if there is a risk of colon cancer or that cannot be explained.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR RECTOSIGMOIDOSCOPY?
If there is a different suggestion, listen to your doctor. Before this procedure, an enema is applied to clean the last part of your intestine. (by squeezing a cleansing drug from the breech) In order for this drug to show its effect, the drug must remain in you for 20-30 minutes. For this, you need to lie in the doctor’s office for ½ hour. The investigation is started at the end of the procedure. In some cases, you may also need to be given antibiotics.
WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE PROCESS?
Sedation or anesthesia is not required for the patient during the procedure. The process takes too short. (Less than 10 minutes) Your doctor makes the examination of the endoscopy device from the breech to the last point (30-40 cm part), which is required to examine the rectal touch. During the procedure, samples can be taken from the intestinal mucosa, or if a polyp is seen, total colonoscopy may be required. A small amount of air is given by the endoscope to see the intestinal walls adjacent to each other well before the examination. (This doesn’t bother you)
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE PROCESS?
If your doctor doesn’t tell you, there is no precaution you should take at the end of this procedure.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THE PROCESS?
This process is necessary to diagnose problems in your gut. Colon cancers or polyps are often found in this last part of the intestine, and this examination is very easy and simple.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THIS PROCESS?
Risks; rarely, especially if it is done in inexperienced hands, there may be destruction, bleeding, puncture or infection of the intestine.