Endoscopy , which is an important method in the examination of digestive system diseases , is used in the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of diseases. With this method, which has been used for nearly 40 years, early diagnosis and treatment of many diseases can be made. Depending on the advancement of technology, the quality and variety of devices used for endoscopy application also increase. The most important factor affecting the success of endoscopy is the application of the method to the right patient and through specialists. In order to obtain sufficient performance from the procedure, this application should be done by general surgeon doctors or gastroenterologists who have received endoscopy training.
What is an endoscopy?
Illuminated with a small camera on the end and endoscope called a device with the aid of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum and colon consisting of processing that allows the examination of the gastrointestinal tract endoscopy is called. It is a very reliable and effective method in revealing the factor that causes digestive system disorders. It can be used in the diagnosis of the disease as well as widely used for the treatment of stomach bleeding and removal of polyps located in the stomach. If any tumor formation is observed during the procedure, a biopsy may be taken to establish a definitive diagnosis and to investigate the presence of bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori in the stomach. Endoscopy , gastroscopy and colonoscopy It is divided into two. In gastroscopy, part of the stomach and duodenum; In colonoscopy, the condition of the large intestine is evaluated.
Who is the endoscopy applied to?
- Those suffering from stomach pain and anemia problems
- People with complaints such as difficulty swallowing, heartburn, reflux, burning in the chest and stubborn nausea, vomiting, fever and malaise
- Under the control of patients with unknown weight loss, patients undergoing gastric surgery and patients who have previously had endoscopy and medication
- Those who have brown vomiting, red blood or black feces from the mouth
- To insert stomach catheter in patients who have to be fed by inserting a hose into the stomach
- Patients who have had constipation for a long time and do not respond to medication
- For those with bleeding in the anus, ulcerative colitis and Chrons
- Detection of abnormalities, polyp, diverticulum, tumor and vascular pathologies in the intestinal wall
- When suspicious lesions are seen as a result of examinations such as tomography and medicated intestine and stomach film, endoscopy is applied to remove parts from these lesions.
How is endoscopy performed?
Endoscopy with the help of a flexible camera with its own camera and a special light source 8-10 millimeters thick enables the digestive system organs to be imaged. The images taken with the help of the camera on the pipe are reflected on the screen and the doctor evaluates the internal surface of the organs by looking at these images. During the procedure, the patient’s oxygen level and banus condition are monitored. The doctor may take parts to get an accurate diagnosis of the disease when necessary. Also, if there is bleeding, it can stop bleeding or remove polyps. Gastroscopy procedure in which the upper digestive system organs are displayed, approximately 3-5 minutes, colonoscopy procedure in which the large intestine is displayed it takes about 15-20 minutes. For the gastroscopy procedure, the patient should not eat anything for at least 6 hours before the procedure, and for colonoscopy, the intestinal cleaning should be done at least 2 days before using special drugs. For endoscopy , which is a painless and painless procedure, if there is no specific reason affecting the general health of the patient, relaxing and mild sleep medications from the arm vein are given as a preliminary preparation.
Generally, no problems occur after endoscopy , but some patients may experience a sore throat for a few days. Mild sleepiness or fatigue may be observed due to the sedative medications given. However, if there are conditions such as abdominal pain, vomiting, blood in the mouth, fever and breathing difficulties that gradually get worse in the 48 hours following the procedure, a doctor should be sent immediately.