Colposcopy provides a close examination of the cervix, vagen or vulva. The lighted instrument called colposcope magnifies the appearance of the cervix, thus allowing for better examination and visibility.

At the beginning of colposcopy, you will lie on your back on the obstetrics-gynecology table as you were examined. The device applied during the examination will be placed in your vagen and your cervix will be seen easily. After removing the cervix and the discharge from the vagina with saline, your cervix will be wetted with a special liquid. If there is a problematic tissue or cell, it will turn white with this liquid effect. In this way, your doctor examines the white areas in more detail and, if necessary, takes a biopsy from these areas. The received part is examined by the specialist (pathologist) of the subject.
This process usually takes 20-30 minutes.

Why is a colposcopy done?
Colposcopy is done to reveal the cause of abnormal cellular changes.

Why is colposcopy important?
Thanks to this examination, cancers of the cervix can be caught at a very early stage.

Is This Process Painful?
If your doctor takes a biopsy sample, you may feel mild cramping and pain during tissue removal. During this process, it may be helpful to avoid as much muscle as possible and to breathe slowly and deeply. Some patients may have mild numbness called sedoanalgesia.

How Should I Prepare For Colposcopy?
You can be more comfortable if you empty your bladder and bowels before the procedure. Do not take a shower 24 hours before your appointment, do not apply vaginal drugs or tampons, do not have sexual intercourse.

Does this process affect my having children?
No. If your doctor takes a tissue sample, it will be very small and will not prevent you from having a child. However, if you are pregnant or are likely to be, report this to your doctor. This information will change your doctor’s approach to you.

Will there be bleeding after colposcopy?
You may have dark vaginal discharge after colposcopy and bleeding for at least two days.

Can I use a buffer after the procedure?
No. Do not use tampons or put anything in the vagina for at least one week after the procedure or until your doctor notifies you. Do not have sexual intercourse for at least a week.

When should I call my doctor?
Call your doctor right away if you encounter any of the following problems after colposcopy:
– Excessive vaginal bleeding
– Lower abdominal pain
– Fever, chills or foul-smelling vaginal discharge


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