A bone densitometry is a test conducted to screen bone loss and assess bone density loss to measure bone mineral density. This test is used to diagnose bone condition osteoporosis that develops as a result of calcium loss in bones. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or bone density scanning is known in bone densitometry. A small amount of radiation is used during this process.
Bone densitometry is a standard method for evaluating bone mineral density.
– Provides quick and painless measurement of bone loss,
– The lower part of the hip and spine is often used for measurement
Why is Bone Density Measurement Made?
In women, loss of bone mass begins after the age of 40, this situation accelerates with menopause. Avoid bone mass in the first decade of menopause in women. 15%; in men, 20-30% is lost during the whole life. As the rate of loss in bone mass increases, the risk of fractures increases. With bone density measurement, both osteoporosis and fracture risk can be calculated and follow-up can be done after treatment.
Osteoporosis, which is one of the events that affect women the most after menopause, is an increase in the risk of fracture with the thinning of the bone as a result of the loss of calcium content of the bones.
Bone densitometry is often used in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Of course, this can also happen in men. If your bone density is low, you and your doctor should plan what measures to take or treat before the fracture occurs.
Bone densitometry is also used to demonstrate the effectiveness of your treatment as well as to show other events that cause bone loss.
To Whom Is Bone Density Measurement Made?
- If you smoke or have a personal or family history, such as a hip fracture
- You are a man with diseases that progress with bone loss
- Type 1 (juvenile or insulin dependent) diabetics, or those with a family history of osteoporosis
- Those who had excessive collagen increases in urine examinations and underwent high dose bone changes
- Those with a broken spine or other signs of osteoporosis
- Women at high risk of osteoporosis in the pre-menopausal period
- Women who have surgically entered menopause (both ovaries are removed)
- For women with risk factors after menopause
- For women after weak and tall menopause
- Those with a family history of osteoporosis, those with a spinal fracture
- Length less than 160 cm and 50 kg. lower weight than
- 2.5 cm per year. for people with more than shortening
- For those over 65 years old
- Calcium poorly fed
- In cases of fracture due to minor blows or traumas in adult age
- Those with a decrease in bone density (osteopenia) in X-ray film
- Those who consume excessive alcohol, cigarettes, coffee
- If there are contraindications to estrogen therapy
- For those with a low saw level
- Those who have to remain immobilized for more than 1 month
- To diabetics
- People who use drugs such as heparin, Antacid Corticosteroids (Prednisone), Dilantin and Barbiturates, Thyroid Hormone for a long time
Who Cannot Measure Bone Density?
- pregnant women
- Those who have used contrast agent by mouth or intravenous route 2 – 6 days before the examination date
- For those who cannot sleep
- Cannot be done to those with severe spinal deformation